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博碩士論文: 客家區域發展歷程-以高雄縣美濃鎮南隆部落為例=Graduate Institute of Hakka Culture Studies - National Kaohsiung Normal University

  • 作者:吳秀靜(Wu Shiu ching)(研究生)
  • 其他作者:施雅軒(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:高雄師範大學
  • 系所名稱:客家文化研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2007
  • 畢業學年度:95
  • 頁數:128
    • 主題:聚落-其他
    • 關鍵詞:客家區域、發展歷程、南隆部落、族群互動、Hakka region、development process、Nanlong Tribe、interaction among ethnic groups
    • 國家:臺灣

    摘要:

    客家族群在語言、住屋、服飾、風俗、宗教信仰及習性等方面,均保有其獨特性。發展歷程是動態的、是持續的,而南隆部落的開墾是由日本人主導,引進北部客家人、以及岡山、田寮、旗山一帶的閩南人和美濃當地的客家人共同參與,拓墾過程中,族群的互動是值得探究的。
    研究方法是參與觀察法、訪談法、民族誌研究法,再以建構論的精神,避免因文化背景之不同而造成誤解,希望以客觀的精神探討南隆部落的發展歷程。研究結論如下:1. 南隆部落屬於石礫地,荖濃溪又常氾濫成災,日本人投注很多時間與精力來開墾,包括地籍調查、林野調查、興築竹仔門發電廠以及防治水患工程。2.經濟作物從日治時期、國府時期到現在,不論蔗作、稻作、菸作、香蕉、雜作等,從興盛期到沒落以及現在的轉型,需要政府投注更多的關懷與協助。3. 客家人敬天地尊祖先、伯公信仰模式、捍衛家鄉自然地景,這些見諸實際生活中的客家文化精髓應發揚光大。4族群通婚,母語流失嚴重,搶救母語及正視下一代的教養問題為當務之急。
    研究結果大致都能達到研究目的,但仍有未盡理想之處,建議如下:1. 加強客語能力,以瞭解文化精髓。2. 實際參與當地生活的時間應加長。3.培養日文閱讀能力,在史料的取得方面有更進一步的突破。
    The ethnic group of Hakka has remained its uniqueness in the aspects of their language, house, costume, folk customs, religious belief and habitual behaviors. The development process of these aspects is dynamic and continuous. In fact, the reclamation of Nanlong Tribe was guided by the Japanese, who led the Hakkas of Northern Taiwan, the Fukienese living in Gangshan, Tianliao and Cishan, as well as the local Hakkas of Meinong to take part in the reclamation. The interaction among different ethnic groups in the process of reclamation is worthy of making in-depth investigation.

    The research approaches of the paper include participant observation, interview and ethnographic studies. The paper further uses the spirit of constructivism to avoid any misunderstanding caused by different cultural backgrounds, hoping to employ an objective spirit to investigate the development process of Nanlong Tribe. The conclusions of the study are: 1. Nanlong Tribe is situated at a piece of gravel land, and flooding always occurs along Loanong River. Hence, the Japanese paid a lot of time and energy in the reclamation work, including the cadastral survey, forestry survey, construction of Jhuzimen Power Plant, and the flood prevention and control projects. 2. From the Japanese colonial period, the ruling period of Kuomintang to the present, the economic crops, including the sugar cane, rice, cigarette, banana, miscellaneous crops, etc. need more concerns and assistance from the government all through the period from their prosperity, decline to the existing transition. 3. The essence of the Hakka culture presented in the actual Hakka life, including the ways that the Hakkas respect the earth and heaven, worship their ancestors and previous generations, and defend the natural landscape of their hometowns, should be developed extensively. 4. The intermarriage among ethnic groups, the serious failure of handing down the mother language to the next generation and the remedial solutions, as well as the education and fostering of the next generation are the main problems to be solved urgently.

    The research results of this study can generally meet the objectives of the study, but there are still some unsatisfactory places. Thus, the study makes some suggestions: 1. The Hakkas should strengthen the proficiency of their dialect to help understand the quintessence of their tribe. 2. The time of actual participation in local life should be lengthened. 3. The researchers of this area should cultivate their reading ability of Japanese language to achieve further breakthrough in the acquisition of historical materials.

    目錄:

    摘要……………………………………………………………………………… I
    Abstract…………………………………………………………………………… III
    目次……………………………………………………………………………… V
    圖目次…………………………………………………………………………… VII
    表目次…………………………………………………………………………… IX
    第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………………… 1
       第一節 研究動機與研究目的………………………………………… 1
    第二節 研究區域範圍及簡介………………………………………… 4
       第三節 文獻回顧……………………………………………………… 9
    第二章 研究架構與研究方法………………………………………………… 14
       第一節 研究流程與研究架構………………………………………… 14
       第二節 研究方法……………………………………………………… 16
    第三章 南隆部落的拓墾與產業經濟………………………………………… 22
      第一節 日本政府拓墾南隆部落……………………………………… 22
       第二節 南隆部落的產業經濟………………………………………… 28
       第三節 南隆部落各里現況…………………………………………… 39
    第四章 南隆部落家族拓墾的個案…………………………………………… 51
       第一節 劉氏族譜內容………………………………………………… 51
     第二節 嘗會組織及福利……………………………………………… 57
       第三節 祖先來臺拓墾與後代子孫的省思…………………………… 59
    第五章 田野調查內容與省思………………………………………………… 64
       第一節 田野調查內容………………………………………………… 64
    第二節 田野調查後的省思…………………………………………… 89
    第六章 結論與限制…………………………………………………………… 91
       第一節 結論…………………………………………………………… 91
    第二節 研究限制……………………………………………………… 93
    參考文獻………………………………………………………………………… 94
    附錄一…………………………………………………………………………… 98
    附錄二…………………………………………………………………………… 99
    附錄三…………………………………………………………………………… 115