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博碩士論文: 客家影像紀錄與族群傳播:以社區大學學員作品為例=Documentaries of Hakka Images and Ethnic Communication:Community College Students’ Works as an Example

  • 作者:涂淑芬(Tu, Hsu-Fen)(研究生)
  • 其他作者:孫榮光(Sun, Jung-Kuang)(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:國立聯合大學
  • 系所名稱:客家語言與傳播研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2011
  • 畢業學年度:99
  • 頁數:109
    • 主題:客家影像紀錄-其他
    • 關鍵詞:客委會、社區大學、客家影像紀錄、族群傳播、媒體權、公民新聞學、The Council for Hakka Affairs、Community Colleges、Documentaries of Hakka Images、Ethnic Communications、The Right of Access to the Media、Citizen Journalism
    • 國家:臺灣

    摘要:

    受到紀錄片「市場熱潮」以及發現紀錄片「具有文化推廣」效益的影響,2003年起在客委會和文建會主辦之下,各地方之社區大學和縣市政府文化局,紛紛成立影像人才培育的課程,教導客家影像紀錄片實務的製作過程。
    本研究旨在探討客家影像紀錄片對族群傳播的影響,其是否有助於客家文化的傳遞,增進客家認同,強化客家意識;並且以公民新聞的概念,由民眾以主動的方式自己拍攝在地的社區故事,是否有助於提升客家族群的媒體權。本研究以客委會主辦,社區大學承辦之「客家影像人才培育計畫」學員所產製的作品,選取四部影片在五場焦點團體中播映,之後再以焦點訪談法之內容做歸納分析。研究發現客家影像紀錄片有助於再現客家歷史文化,建構客家認同;客家族群經由主動拍攝客家影像紀錄片,增加了在媒體上的能見度,跳脫主流媒體所呈現的刻板印象;客家傳統社會階層結構的改變,尤其是客家婦女角色的歷史包袱不再。
    此外,本研究也發現,客家文化在年輕一代斷層嚴重,對客家傳統、歷史沒有共鳴;客家影像紀錄片仍有為數不少使用非客語發音。以上是未來改進的方向。
    Under the heat of the documentaries and discovering the benefit of the cultural promotion, since 2003 The Council for Hakka Affairs and The Council for Cultural Affairs keep sponsoring the training courses for community colleges and the department of cultural affairs of county governments, teaching how to produce the documentaries of Hakka images.
    This study is for the purpose of discussing the documentaries of Hakka images to the influence for ethnic communications, whether it is helpful to the Hakka culture transmission, enhance the Hakka identification , strengthen the Hakka consciousness; and by the citizen journalism concept, produce a film of the local community story by the populace actively, whether to be helpful for promoting the Hakka tribal group the right of access to the media. This study is based on the works from “the plan for the talented person of Hakka images” which sponsored by The Council of Hakka Affairs, the community colleges undertook it, selected four movies to play in five focus group interviews, afterward makes the analysis with the content of the interviews. The research discovered that the documentaries of Hakka images is helpful to represent the Hakka history and culture, constructs the Hakka to approve; The Hakka tribal group by way of photographs the documentaries of Hakka images on own initiative, increased the visibility on the media, the mechanical impression which the bracelet mainstream media presents; Hakka traditional social class structure has been changed, particularly historical Hakka women’s role burden no longer.
    In addition, this study also discovered that the Hakka culture is unconnected seriously in the younger generation, to the Hakka tradition and the history does not have the sympathy; quite a few documentaries of Hakka images still use the
    IV
    non-Hakka language for pronunciation. The above is the direction which could be improved in the future.

    目錄:

    致謝辭 ......................................................................................................... I
    中文摘要 .................................................................................................... II
    英文摘要 ................................................................................................... III
    目錄 ............................................................................................................ V
    表目錄 ..................................................................................................... VII
    第一章 緒論............................................................................................. 1
    第一節 研究動機與目的 ....................................................................................... 2
    第二節 研究問題 .................................................................................................... 8
    第二章 文獻探討 .................................................................................... 9
    第一節 族群傳播 .................................................................................................... 9
    第二節 少數族群的媒體權 ................................................................................. 13
    第三節 族群傳播與公民新聞學 ......................................................................... 16
    第四節 小結 .......................................................................................................... 19
    第三章 研究方法 .................................................................................. 21
    第一節 焦點團體法 ............................................................................................. 21
    第二節 研究問題 .................................................................................................. 23
    第三節 客家影像紀錄片選取 ............................................................................. 24
    第四節 訪談對象及實施流程 ............................................................................. 25
    第五節 小結 .......................................................................................................... 31
    第四章 研究發現 .................................................................................. 32
    第一節 客家影像紀錄片再現客家文化、歷史 .............................................. 32
    第二節 客家影像紀錄形塑客家認同 .............................................................. 38
    第三節 客家影像紀錄片落實公民新聞和媒體權 .......................................... 41
    第四節 客家婦女角色之轉變 .......................................................................... 44
    第五節 客家族群出現文化斷層 ...................................................................... 48
    VI
    第五章 結論與建議 .............................................................................. 52
    第一節 研究結論 .................................................................................................. 52
    一、客家影像紀錄片再現客家歷史文化,建構客家認同 ........................... 52
    二、公民新聞和媒體近用權的實踐 ................................................................ 53
    三、客家婦女擺脫歷史的包袱 ......................................................................... 53
    四、客家影像紀錄片的使用語言 .................................................................... 54
    五、客家族群的文化斷層 ................................................................................. 56
    第二節 研究建議 .................................................................................................. 56
    一、團體分組的方式 ......................................................................................... 57
    二、選取播映影片的依據 ................................................................................. 57
    三、選取以客語發音之影片為優先 ................................................................ 58
    四、訪談時選取不同區域之客家族群 ............................................................ 59
    第三節 小結 .......................................................................................................... 59
    參考書目 ................................................................................................... 61
    焦點訪談記錄........................................................................................... 65
    附錄1-1 ..................................................................................................... 65
    附錄1-2 ..................................................................................................... 70
    附錄2-1 ..................................................................................................... 73
    附錄2-2 ..................................................................................................... 76
    附錄3 ........................................................................................................ 80
    附錄4-1 ..................................................................................................... 84
    附錄4-2 ..................................................................................................... 95
    附錄5-1 ..................................................................................................... 99
    附錄5-2 ................................................................................................... 104