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博碩士論文: 蟄伏地表下的文化:美濃水井之研究=The culture underneath ground: the study of Meinong well

  • 作者:鍾憲揚(研究生)
  • 其他作者:利亮時(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:高雄師範大學
  • 系所名稱:客家文化研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2011
  • 畢業學年度:99
  • 頁數:147
    • 主題:古蹟及歷史建築-其他
    • 關鍵詞:水井、古蹟、美濃、建築工法、聚落發展、well、historic sp、Meinong、construction labor law、the traditional settlement development
    • 國家:臺灣

    摘要:

    試著將生活空間拉回過去,一個沒有電力、沒有現代科技的農業社會,人們日出而作、日落而息,居住環境、生活條件順著大自然,資源的取得全憑勞力,而在那樣時空背景裡,水井所扮演角色的重要性便可想像。
    自古以來,水資源一直是人類聚落發展的重要因素之一,而水井是人類開發地下水資源的重要發明,水井打破了人類依河而居的聚落型態,在聚落環井而生的情況下發展了不同的文化,但隨著時間的推進與科技的變革下,帶動水井開鑿技術與水利動力設施的進步,水的取得變成更有效率與方便,而舊式人力開鑿的水井漸失去存在的價值,原本與人們互動密切的井口被消去,井深也將面臨被填平命運。
    本研究以美濃地區的水井為主,從各類水井建築工法上的演進、區域性的分布概況,配合史料與地圖的分析比對,探討水井與聚落發展的關係,並探尋具古蹟價值的水井,另外探究水井演進到後期成為水利建設對地方之影響。今日的美濃地區仍存有258口水井,雖大多已失去使用的功能,但對於那些曾生活在該時空下的人們,水井的重要性仍依稀可尋,透過專業人士、居民的走訪與水井的調查,可以發現與其相關的歷史與文化。
    Try to imagine life in an ancient agricultural society without electricity or modern technology. People had to work from dawn to dusk and their living surroundings and conditions depended entirely on nature. In addition, people acquired all their natural resources by labor. It is easy to visualize what a significant role the well played in ancient society.
    From the past to the present, water resources have been the main factor in the development of traditional settlements and the well is the primary invention which was able to exploit groundwater resources. The well changed the face of traditional settlements. Instead of being restricted to living along the river, distinct cultures emerged related to settlement around wells. With the passing of time and new technological innovations, the techniques of well excavation and the facilities of water conservation have improved. The requirement of water resources has been easier to satisfy through more convenient and efficient techniques than the traditional style of digging wells by hand. During this change, traditional wells have become endangered. Moreover, wells that have deep relationships and history with human beings are disappearing, and other wells are taking their place.
    The research is based on the wells in Meinong. From the evolution of the way that people constructed, regional location of all types of the wells, and comparison with all historical document and the analysis of the map, probe the relationship between the wells and the tribes and investigate the value of the old wells. Also search what influence on local places may be until late stage of wells. Today, there are still 258 wells in the Meinong area, however, most of them are useless or seldom used. From those people who lived in the past with the wells, there is still a way to find out the importance of wells to traditional communities. Through professional interviews with citizens and research of these wells, we can retain their history and culture.

    目錄:

    第一章 緒論………………………………………………………………………1
    第一節 研究動機與目的……………………………………………………3
    第二節 研究範圍與方法……………………………………………………5
    第三節 文獻回顧與名詞解釋………………………………………………9
    第二章 美濃陽井的種類與建築特性……………………………………………19
    第一節 水井在台灣的發展史概述…………………………………………19
    第二節 美濃陽井的種類……………………………………………………22
    第三節 陽井的建築工法與特性……………………………………………28
    第四節 小結…………………………………………………………………36
    第三章 美濃陽井的分布…………………………………………………………37
    第一節 美濃陽井的發展背景………………………………………………37
    第二節 研究區域的劃分……………………………………………………45
    第三節 陽井的標示與調查…………………………………………………47
    第四節 各區現存陽井的分布………………………………………………50
    第五節 小結…………………………………………………………………81
    第四章 美濃水利建設之一的大井………………………………………………83
    第一節 美濃的水利建設……………………………………………………84
    第二節 大井的建築工法與時代背景………………………………………89
    第三節 竹頭角區的大井發展………………………………………………96
    第四節 美濃大井的租水文化………………………………………………108
    第五節 小結…………………………………………………………………110
    第五章 美濃陽井的歷史與文化………………………………………………111
    第一節 美濃陽井的演進……………………………………………………111
    第二節 美濃的墾拓與石頭井分布…………………………………………115
    第三節 美濃陽井的文化內涵………………………………………………123
    第四節 小結…………………………………………………………………129
    第六章 結論……………………………………………………………………131
    附錄………………………………………………………………………………135
    參考書目…………………………………………………………………………143